The objective of this assignment is to provide comprehensive legal advice to MoE on the Proof-read the final of the Draft and Translate of the Environment Strategic Framework 2018-2023.
The consultant is expected to:
- Review and revise as appropriate the structure and the content of the Draft Strategic Framework.
- Propose changes and/or recommendation on the Draft Strategic Framework.
The National Consultant shall review the existing relevant policies and other related documents. To achieve intended results, s/he shall maintain regular exchange of the work progress and discussion with the Working Group on the Review and Revision of the Draft of Stategic Framework of Ministry of Environment (MoE WG).
1. Proof-read the final document in both English and Khmer languages
2. Correct spelling and grammar for both languages
3. Edit sentences to make Strategic Framework readable and understandable
4. Check consistency of technical words in the whole document in both languages
5 Submit the Strategic Framework in English and Khmer in due time upon prior agreement
- Master’s degree or equivalent in Law, Environment, Public Administration or related field.
· He or she is a native Khmer mother tongue but fluent in written and spoken excellent English language
· Experience in editing documents in English and Khmer languages
· Master’s degree (or equivalent) in natural resources and environmental management, or a related field
- At least 5 years of work experience (relevant to the assignment)
· Demonstrated skills with governmental policies, legal procedures and legislative best practices.
- Demonstrated ability to collaboratively review, and revise legal instruments.
- Strong command of written and spoken Khmer and English
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Cambodia is rapidly transiting towards lower middle-income country . The Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is USD 1,020 (World Bank 2014) with an annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 7.4 percent (World Bank 2013). However, Cambodia is ranked 145 out of 178 countries for the Environmental Performance Index with the overall score of 35.44 out of 100 points (Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, 2014) . The World Bank’s Country Policy Institutional Assessment (CPIA) (2014) gives the country a score of 3 out of 6 in terms of its policy and institutional capacities in attaining environmental sustainability. Similar to other rapidly developing countries, Cambodia thus faces challenges in terms of attaining sustainable development. In September in 2015, Cambodia endorsed the adoption of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in order to meet these challenges. Currently, Cambodia is in a process of specifying the SDG goals in the context of the particular challenges pertaining to Cambodian sustainable development.
Developmental activities have brought important economic benefits (e.g. generating employment), economic growth has intensified pressure on natural resources and environment, as is exemplified by the recent forest cover change from 57 % in 2011 to approximately 50% in 2014 (RGC). This has led to heightened concerns among governments, development agencies and NGOs about adverse impacts on biodiversity and critical ecosystems, not least in the case of wildlife living in and adjacent to natural resource boundaries. Depletion and degradation of natural resources may adversely affect many Cambodians, especially on women, who are dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods. There are also concerns about the adverse impacts of the use of agriculture chemicals on human health, ecosystems and biodiversity. In urban areas, increasing levels of pollution, waste, and noise have become serious issues, which are exacerbated by the lack of effective environmental regulations and control mechanisms.
Furthermore, accelerating effects of climate change pose another set of environmental challenges for Cambodia. The country is currently ranked as the 8th most vulnerable country to climate change according to climate change vulnerability index conducted by Maplecroft com (2014) , indexed by increasing incidence of droughts, floods, and windstorms, and rising sea levels. Climate change is likely to have damaging effects on agriculture and livestock, thus posing threats for nearly 73% of the total population who reside in rural areas and are highly dependent on agriculture for their income.
At present, Cambodia has a number of governmental bodies and laws to govern its natural resources and the environment. The Ministry of Environment (MoE) is one of the governmental bodies with a central mandate to ensure conservation and management of natural resources and environment. In recent years, however, the MoE has faced significant constraints in addressing the emerging environmental issues and challenges due partly to its formerly outdated organizational structure, strategic priorities and implementation plans, and partly to insufficient human and technical resources.
Moreover, there was no effective inter-ministerial governmental body or legal principles that provide overarching guidance and direction for sustainable development. Additionally, the mandates and regulations of existing ministries do not adequately correspond to current and emerging challenges. Finally, overlapping jurisdictions and mandates among line ministries over the governance of natural resources and environment have created ambiguity and confusion concerning which ministry should be responsible for a particular resource and for what purposes. This has resulted in uneven and inadequate enforcement and application of environmental and natural resource requirements and standards, thus constraining and undermining efforts to protect the environment and facilitate sustainable development.
In response to these challenges, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) embarked upon environmental governance reforms in November in 2013. These focus on three pillars of activities: 1) MoE modernization, 2) Establishment of the National Council of Sustainable Development (NCSD), and 3) Development of an Environmental Code.